Phonics is a method of Teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners to read by linking sounds (phonemes) and the symbols that represent them (graphemes, or letter groups). Phonics is the learning-to-read method used in many English schools today.
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound
The phonemes used when speaking English are:
Teachers of English can use phonics resources to help students to learn to speak. We have resources if you’re new to teaching phonics to students and want to find out what it’s all about. I have made a special effort to provide resources that will engage all children.
An excellent idea for helping kids to learn is sticking words onto toys, for example, cars, lorries, and trains. Pretty soon, the kids will be hooked!
In addition to letter and word cards, there are games, plus teaching ideas, activities, and links to Letters and Sounds games, which you can use on computers or interactive whiteboard activities.
Phonics learning steps
Step 1: Decoding
Teaching sounds in reception – this involves thinking about what sound a word starts with, saying the sound out loud, and then recognizing how that sound is represented by a letter. The aim is for children to be able to see a letter and then say the sound it represents out loud; this is called decoding.
Some phonics programs start children off by learning the letters s, a, t, n, i, p first; this is because once they know each of those letters sounds, they can then be arranged into a variety of different words (for example: sat, tip, pin, nip, tan, etc.).
Step 2: Blending
Children then need to go from saying the individual sounds of each letter, to be able to blend the sounds and say the whole word; this can be a big step for many children and takes time.
While children are learning to say the sounds of letters out loud, they will also begin to learn to write these letters (encoding). They will be taught where they need to start with each letter and how the letters need to be formed in relation to each other. Letters (or groups of letters) that represent phonemes are called graphemes.
Step 3: Decoding Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (CVC) words
Children will focus on decoding (reading) three-letter words arranged consonant, vowel, consonant (CVC words) for some time. They will learn other letter sounds, such as the consonants g, b, d, h, and the remaining vowels e, o, u. Often, they will be given letter cards to put together to make CVC words which they will be asked to say out loud.
Step 4: Decoding consonant clusters – Consonant-Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (CCVC) words
Children will also learn about consonant clusters: two consonants located together in a word, such as tr, cr, st, lk, pl. Children will learn to read a range of CCVC words (consonant, consonant, vowel, consonant) such as trap, stop, plan. They will also read a range of CVCC words (consonant, vowel, consonant, consonant) such as milk, fast, cart.
Step 5: Vowel digraphs
Children are then introduced to vowel digraphs. A digraph is two vowels that together make one sound such as: /oa/, /oo/, /ee/, /ai/. They will move onto sounding out words such as deer, hair, boat, etc. and will be taught about split digraphs (or ‘magic e’). They will also start to read words combining vowel digraphs with consonant clusters, such as train, groan, and stool.
Step 6: Consonant digraphs
Children will also learn the consonant digraphs (two consonants that together make one sound) ch and sh and start blending these with other sounds to create words, such as chat, shop, chain, and shout.
Phonics resources for teachers and parents
School Zone – Go Fish Alphabet Game Cards – Ages 4 and Up, Preschool to First Grade. Go Fish is a classic card game for kids – 48 Cards with Gift Box.
AMAZING – Little ones will enjoy playing a smarter version of Go Fish. In this Go Fish game, winning involves drawing the most upper and lowercase letter pairs flashcards. Here, each pair is represented by a parent and child animal. There are even age-appropriate terms, like “hatchling” for a baby alligator.
Phonics Three Book Series
|Phonics Book 1
Give students opportunities to review and practice phonemic awareness and alphabet recognition skills while introducing them to phonics concepts.
|Phonics Book 2
Give students additional practice in more advanced phonics concepts such as consonants, vowels, blends, and digraphs as well as an introduction to diphthongs, prefixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms. Book 2 of a three-book series to help students develop beginning reading skills. Suitable for ESL and intervention programs.
|Phonics Book 3
(Phonics (Teacher Created Resources)): Book 3 (Phonics (Teacher Created Resources))
by Teacher Created Resources
Week-by-Week Phonics packets
Activities include word-shape recognition puzzles, fill-in rhymes, riddles, and stories, word searches, scrambled sentences, word sorts, and much more. Children can work through the packets independently and at their own pace. Perfect for in-class use or homework. An effective tool for supporting second-language learners and RTI instruction. For use with Grades K-3.
Phonemic Awareness Bulletin Board Chart Set (Pack of 8)
- Perfect for classroom Reference or student activities
- Each 18″ x 12″ chart is double-sided and laminated
- One side provides an illustrated overview of the topic, while the reverse features “write-on/wipe-off” graphic Organizers, problem-based questions and other review activities
- Includes the following charts: letter sounds – same & different; beginning sounds; ending sounds; vowel sounds; counting syllables; onsets & rimes; phoneme segmentation; and rhyming words
Features a Collection of separate posters, each covering a separate, Curriculum topic. Uniquely designed, while one side can be Posted for student reference, the reverse features dry-erase activities perfect for individual student review or as a Learning center activities! graphic images and hands-on activities combine to provide comprehensive coverage of essential student skills and cover the current state and National standards – including common core! each 12” x 18” Chart is laminated and double-sided – side 1 features a graphic overview of the topic and side 2 provides “write-on/wipe-off” activities.