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Phonic resources for teachers and parents

Phonics and reading resources to help teachers in the classroom and parents at home

Phonics is a method of Teaching English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners to read by linking sounds (phonemes) and the symbols that represent them (graphemes, or letter groups). This is the learning-to-read method used in many English schools today.

A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound. The phonemes used when speaking English are:

phoneme chart

phoneme chart

Teachers of English can use phonics resources to help students to learn to speak. We have resources if you’re new to teaching phonics to students and want to find out what it’s all about. I have made a special effort to provide resources that will engage all children.

A great idea for helping kids to learn is sticking words onto toys for example; cars, lorries, and trains… pretty soon the kids will be hooked!

In addition to letter and word cards, there are games, plus teaching ideas, activities, and links to Letters and Sounds games which you can use on computers or interactive whiteboard activities.

Phonics learning steps

Step 1: Decoding

Teaching sounds in reception.  This involves thinking about what sound a word starts with, saying the sound out loud and then recognizing how that sound is represented by a letter.   The aim is for children to be able to see a letter and then say the sound it represents out loud. This is called decoding.

Some phonics programs start children off by learning the letters s, a, t, n, i, p first. This is because once they know each of those letters sounds, they can then be arranged into a variety of different words (for example: sat, tip, pin, nip, tan, etc.).

Step 2: Blending

Children then need to go from saying the individual sounds of each letter, to be able to blend the sounds and say the whole word. This can be a big step for many children and takes time.

While children are learning to say the sounds of letters out loud, they will also begin to learn to write these letters (encoding). They will be taught where they need to start with each letter and how the letters need to be formed in relation to each other. Letters (or groups of letters) that represent phonemes are called graphemes.

Step 3: Decoding Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (CVC) words

Children will focus on decoding (reading) three-letter words arranged consonant, vowel, consonant (CVC words) for some time. They will learn other letter sounds, such as the consonants g, b, d, h and the remaining vowels e, o, u. Often, they will be given letter cards to put together to make CVC words which they will be asked to say out loud.

Step 4: Decoding consonant clusters – Consonant-Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (CCVC) words

Children will also learn about consonant clusters: two consonants located together in a word, such as tr, cr, st, lk, pl. Children will learn to read a range of CCVC words (consonant, consonant, vowel, consonant) such as trap, stop, plan. They will also read a range of CVCC words (consonant, vowel, consonant, consonant) such as milk, fast, cart.

Step 5: Vowel digraphs

Children are then introduced to vowel digraphs. A digraph is two vowels that together make one sound such as: /oa/, /oo/, /ee/, /ai/. They will move onto sounding out words such as deer, hair, boat, etc. and will be taught about split digraphs (or ‘magic e’). They will also start to read words combining vowel digraphs with consonant clusters, such as train, groan, and stool.

Step 6: Consonant digraphs

Children will also learn the consonant digraphs (two consonants that together make one sound) ch and sh and start blending these with other sounds to make words, such as chat, shop, chain and shout.

Resources For Teachers and Parents

gofish game

Go Fish card game for Kids

School Zone – Go Fish Alphabet Game Cards – Ages 4 and Up, Preschool to First Grade, Uppercase and … Classic Card Game for Kids – 48 Cards with Gift Box.

AMAZING – Little ones will enjoy playing a smarter version of Go Fish. In this Go Fish game, winning involves drawing the most upper and lowercase letter pairs flash cards. Here, each pair is represented by a parent and child animal. There are even age-appropriate terms, like “hatchling” for baby alligator.

 


Phonics  Three Book Series

 

Phonics Book 1

Give students opportunities to review and practice phonemic awareness and alphabet recognition skills while introducing them to phonics concepts. Book 1 of three-book series to help students develop beginning reading skills. Suitable for ESL and intervention programs.

phonics resource for parents and teachers
Phonics Book 2

Give students additional practice in more advanced phonics concepts such as consonants, vowels, blends, and digraphs as well as an introduction to diphthongs, prefixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms. Book 2 of a three-book series to help students develop beginning reading skills. Suitable for ESL and intervention programs.

phonics book
Phonics Book 3
(Phonics (Teacher Created Resources)): Book 3 (Phonics (Teacher Created Resources))
by Teacher Created Resources
phonics book 3

Week-by-Week Phonics packets

Phonics Skills

These easy-to-manage, ready-to-reproduce practice packets are a perfect way to target the phonics skills children need to master
. Activities include word-shape recognition puzzles, fill-in rhymes, riddles, and stories, word searches, scrambled sentences, word sorts, and much more. Children can work through the packets independently and at their own pace. Perfect for in-class use or homework. An effective tool for supporting second-language learners and RTI instruction. For use with Grades K-3.

 

 

 

 

Lan Luu

8 Comments

  1. Great topic! More and more people are becoming acclimated to the English language as evidenced by all the online English teaching platforms out there these days. You’ve broken it all down very nicely here with definitions and graphics. Phonics are the building blocks of learning so I’m glad you mentioned that straight away. Blending is also really important, especially when it comes to online learning. These flash cards are great and can be used to teach. I’ll definitely share your post with some teachers whom I know, well done!

    • Thanks. your comments are greatly appreciated.  I am updating this and other pages on my site.  Please check later for updated content

  2. Honestly, even though your site is english for foreigners, I think a lot of native speakers would also benefit from your site.  I like the way you break it down and explain how the process works.  My daughter struggles with her vocabulary and spelling, and I think what we need to do is get back to the roots of learning the language, and you’ve given me some great ideas.  Thanks so much.

    • I am glad you find the resources useful.  I have completed a fraction of the content I intend.  Please check in later for updated content.

      regards

      Aaron

  3. Referencing to how my teachers taught us to read way back in 1980’s, I think our education system now has come a long way in developing methods that are more effective in teaching kids how to read. Before, we were just forced to learn how to read in English the way our old teachers wanted us to learn. It was horrible, fortunately I was a fast learner then. But I still can remember the faces of my classmates then, all stressed being forced to read. Today, with the help of materials like these, learning becomes fun for kids. 

    • True.  Technology has made learning easier.  Thanks for your comments

  4. Good Day, Arron

    Great post on phonics and how to teach the English language to anyone. 

    I love the way you break down the vowel and consonant groups. Phonics has gained a lot of popularity for English language instruction. I remember using phonics on my children and how they enjoyed the the card games of vowels and consonants. 

    Learning to speak properly, and learning to read, are perhaps the two most important factors to personal success in life for everybody! Too bad so little emphasis is placed on it in school. 

    Thank God for the Internet and valuable resources such as your website to provide this teaching aid to the public.

    Paul

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